Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES   MARCH 2008 , Volume 13 , Number 1 (SUPPLEMENT); Page(s) 29 To 42.
 
Paper: 

STUDY ON EFFECTIVE FACTORS REGARDING TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE OF WHEAT FARMERS IN NAHAVAND TOWNSHIP TOWARD FARM'S WATER MANAGEMENT

 
Author(s):  NOROOZI O., CHIZARI M.
 
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Abstract: 
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effective factors regarding wheat farmers' technical knowledge toward farm's water management. The research design used in this study was a descriptive-correlational. The population of this study included all wheat farmers in Nahavand Township who had used irrigation method to cultivate their farms (N=15364).
Stratified proportional sampling technique was applied to select the subjects (n=375). Content validity was achieved by a panel of experts. A pilot test was conducted to determine the reliability of the questionnaire and Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.81 was achieved. The result of this study showed that the relationship between the variables of age, experiences cultivating agricultural crops and experiences cultivating wheat were significantly correlative and negatively linked with their technical knowledge about farm's water management, while relationship between the variables of educational level, yield per hectare, size of farm land, size of irrigated wheat farming cultivated, level of economical status, extension contacts, social participation and use of communication channels were significantly correlative and positively linked with their technical knowledge about farm's water management.
It is worthy to note, significant differences were found in the mean score of wheat farmer's technical knowledge regarding farm's water management in relation with the use of extension services, type of farm land ownership, type of water source and the method used for irrigation. Also, variables of yield per hectare, use of communication channels, and level of extension contacts, social status and wheat farmers' economical status predict a variation of 60.6 percent of the wheat farmers' technical knowledge toward farm's water management.
 
Keyword(s): WHEAT, TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE, FARM'S WATER MANAGEMENT, NAHAVAND TOWNSHIP
 
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