Paper Information

Journal:   IRAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH   2003 , Volume 22 , Number 1; Page(s) 63 To 76.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTS OF INVESTMENT IN WATER- SAVING TECHNOLOGY ON CROPPING PATTERN AND EMPLOYMENT

 
 
Author(s):  TORKAMAANI J., HAJI RAHIMI M.
 
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Abstract: 
Water scarcity is considered to be the most important bottleneck in the development of agricultural sector of Iran. Therefore, water-saving technology has recently attracted the government authorities attention. This study investigated the effects of water-saving technologies on cropping pattern and employment in Fars province. The findings indicated that investment in irrigation technology could changes the cropping pattern from less capital and water-intensive to more capital and water-intensive crops. Furthermore, the aggregate area under cropping would increase as a result of water-saving. Adoption of water-saving technology increased employment considerably. The best state of technology for employment in all representative firms was partial investment case. The total number of labor employed in small, medium and large representative farms in this state increased about 56%, 17%, and 103% as compared with state of non-investment in new technology, respectively.
 
Keyword(s): CROPPING PATTERN, EMPLOYMENT, INVESTMENT, WATER-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES.
 
References: 
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