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Paper Information

Journal:   PAJOUHESH-VA-SAZANDEGI   WINTER 2009 , Volume 21 , Number IN AGRONOMY AND HORTICULTURE (SPECIAL ISSUE); Page(s) 100 To 106.
 
Paper: 

STUDY OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NITROGEN IN DECREASING BORON TOXICITY ON CITRUS SEEDLINGS

 
 
Author(s):  MOHASSELI VAHID*
 
* APPLIED SCIENCE HIGH EDUCATION CENTER OF FARS AGRICULTURE JAHAD
 
Abstract: 

Citrus production is very important at the peresent. It, s production (77.4 million ton) is one of important sources for commercial exchanges and occupation of world rich citrus countries residents. Boron high concentration in soil and water is one of principle difficulties in facing production of this crop particularly in south of country. Application of nitrogen fertilizers is one of confrontation remedies with this problem. Researches have indicated consumption nitrogen decrease boron concentration in different plants. Therefore present research design arranged in a factorial manner in a randomized complete blocks design with six nitrogen levels (0.50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 kg nitrogen in hectare) as ammonium solphate and four boron levels (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg boron in hectare) as boric acid with plantation two root stocks Bacraei and Suor orange (C. aurantium) as source plants. This experiment was done in three replicates (two trees in each replication). Measured plant responses sach as nitrogen and boron concentration in leaf after the end of the experiment. The results obtained in the study indicated that application of B in soil increased boron concentration in leaves of Bacraei and Suor orange. Furthermore, consumption of N decreased B concentration in plant such that application 100 and 150 kg nitrogen in hectare decreased significantly amount of B in Bacraei and Suor orange, respectively. In the same boron levels, B concentration in Suor orange root stocks were lower then leaves of Bacraei. Therefore Suor orange resistance to B high concentration in soil and water is higher then Bacraei because the lower amount of B absorbed in toxicity conditions. So the better making use of Suor orange as root stock when B amount was high in soil and water and as far as possible not used of Bacraei because it, s sensitivity to boron toxicity.

 
Keyword(s): NITROGEN, BORON, TOXICITY, BACRAEI AND SUOR ORANGE (C. AURANTIUM)
 
References: 
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