Paper Information

Journal:   SALMAND   SPRING 2009 , Volume 4 , Number 11; Page(s) 62 To 99.
 
Paper:  THE EFFECT OF ENDURANCE TRAINING ON A FEW KINEMATICS PARAMETERS IN GAIT OF NON-ACTIVE ELDERLY PEOPLE
 
Author(s):  SADEGHI H., HEMATI NEZHAD M.A., BAGHBAN M.
 
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Abstract: 
Objective: investigating the effect of endurance training program on the gait pattern of non-active elderly people.
Materials and methods: This study has been done by a semi-experience method with 23 old men and women by the average and standard deviation of 70/50
±6/9 years old (n=14 people of exercise group, n=9 people of control group). The exercise group took part in this program for eight weeks and three sessions per week. The crude data includes speed gait, stride length, percentage of statement in stance phase, cadence and range of motion on upper body joints have been taken by using of software’s such as Auto CAD R 14.0, ulead 10, windows media player and CGA, in two levels before and after exercise program in two exercise and control group and then analyzed by the software Spssl5.
Results: Significant differences shown in rang of motion of hip joint increases in toe off (p=0.05) at stance phase. Also we observed decreasing of statement in stance phase (p=0.01) in comparing pre-exercise ones.
Conclusion: notice to research findings, endurance training increases range of hip motion by strengthening the flexor and extensor muscles of hip that causes improved dynamic balance and reinforcement standing balance between groups of society. As a result Endurance training can be used as an important factor to strengthen standing balance and to increase dynamic balance, doing this training is advised in daily activity of non-active elderly people.
 
Keyword(s): ELDERLY, KINEMATICS, ENDURANCE TRAINING, GAIT
 
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