Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND TROPICAL MEDICINE   OCTOBER 2009 , Volume 14 , Number 46; Page(s) 1 To 6.
 
Paper: 

DESCRIPTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MEASLES IN IRAN IN 1384 - 1387

 
 
Author(s):  ZAHRAEI S.M.*, GOUYA M.M., MOKHTARI AZAD T., DADRAS M.N., HODAEI P., SABOURI A.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Background and objective: Measles is one of the most ancient communicable diseases which cause periodic epidemics 2-5 years in pre-vaccine era. Burden of measles has been decreased by improvement of health care services and immunization coverage in Iran. Epidemiological feature of measles significantly changed after MR mass campaign in 2003 and this study wants describe it.
Materials and methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study which considers explaining epidemiology of measles in 2004-2008 in Iran. According to the national measles guideline definitions, all suspected measles cases diagnosed and report to the Center for Communicable Diseases Control in less than 48 hours. Demographic data registered including age, gender, residency, immunization history, contact to the patients, nationality. Serum specimens for detection of IgG and IgM, urine and trough specimens for virus culture and PCR had been sent to the reference lab in less than 1 week. Data analysis has been done by SPSS software.
Results: Total number of 4326 measles suspected cases reported to CDC in the study period. The highest frequencies were reported from Mashhad (539), Fars (475) and Mazandaran (213) provinces. Out of total cases only 103 cases confirmed by laboratory (incidence rate: 0.03 per 100000 population) and 61% were less than 10 years children. Out of lab confirmed cases the highest incidence rates were due to Sistan & Baluchistan, South Khorasan, Qom and Kerman provinces with 0.5, 0.3, 0.09 and 0.07 respectively. Almost 80% of the whole lab confirmed cases were seen in foreign patients.
Age distribution of lab confirmed cases was 11.7% in less than ly, 33% in 1-4 y, 19.4% in 5-9 y, 4.9% in 10-19y and 31% in more than 20 y.
Conclusion: The measles elimination program has been achieved after MR mass campaign and incidence rate is less than expected rates by Wood Health Organization. Due to high prevalence of measles in the western neighboring countries and huge traveling to Iran, main proportion of confirmed measles patients were from those countries and shows crucial need to supplementary immunization of them. In addition south eastern provinces of Iran affected by this fact and are in higher risk of measles disease.
 
Keyword(s): EPIDEMIOLOGY, MEASLES, IRAN
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 98
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog