Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND TROPICAL MEDICINE   JANUARY 2010 , Volume 14 , Number 47; Page(s) 19 To 26.
 
Paper: 

THE PREVALENCE OF BACTEREMIA AMONG HOSPITALIZED CANCER PATIENTS AND ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE OF ISOLATES

 
 
Author(s):  GHAFOURI E.*, ESLAMINEJAD Z., SAFARI F.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Background and objectives: Bacteremia is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with malignancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of aerobic and anaerobic- bacteremia in symptomatic hospitalize patients and determination of antibiotic resistance of isolates.
Material and methods: A total of 204 blood samples- obtained from 121 cancer patients- with suspected bacteremia - were examined. The patients were admitted in the oncology wards of Bahonar and Afzalipour hospitals in Kerman. The blood cultures were performed in Bactec media and evaluated for four weeks in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Identification of isolates and antibiotic susceptibility test were performed by standard methods Results: Twenty three and half percent of blood cultures were positive. The rate of poly bacterial bacteremia cases was 12.5%. The prevalence of G+ and G-- bacteria were 37 (68.5%) and 17 (31.5%) respectively.
Coagulase negative (coag--) staphylococci with 20.4%, propionibacterium spp with 18.5% and E.coli with 13% were the dominant bacteria. The coag-- staphylococci were also more prevalence in poly- bacterial bacteremia cases. All staphylococci were methicillin resistant (MRSA). Pseudomonasputida and 57% of isolated E.coli were also multi drug resistant (MDR). A number of Streptococci, Klebsiella spp and Alcaligenes spp were resistant to some antibiotics.
Conclusion: Cancerous patients are encountered to various infections. Because of rise -emerging antibiotic- resistant bacteria, standard blood culture and antibiotic sensitivity test is necessary upon accession of initial symptoms of bacteremia.
 
Keyword(s): BACTEREMIA, CANCER, BLOOD CULTURE, ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 84
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog