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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND TROPICAL MEDICINE   JANUARY 2010 , Volume 14 , Number 47; Page(s) 1 To 5.
 
Paper: 

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF RABIES IN IRAN NORTH PROVINCES IN TEN YEARS (1998-2007)

 
 
Author(s):  FAYAZ A., SIMANI S.*, JANANI A.R., FARAHTAJ F., ESFANDYARI B., ESLAMI N., HOWAIZI N., BIGLARI P., FALLAHIAN V., SABETGHADAM M.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Background and objective: Rabies is endemic in most regions of Iran. Statistical analysis of rabies showed that prevalence of rabies in these provinces is more than other provinces of the country. This may be due to geographical condition and possibility of surviving for different reservoirs. The aim of this study is to determine the rate of rabies prevalence, the number of animal bites, the species of the responsible biting animals and evaluation the conclusions of control measures, in north provinces.
Materials and methods: Data of human and animal rabies cases the number of post-exposure treatments, and the sort of animal who bites, in north provinces were collected for 10 years. Data analysis was performed by excel program.
Results: A total of 1059 of rabies cases in north provinces for ten years (1998-2007) were investigated. The most positive cases, respectively were, bovines, dogs, foxes, Jackals, wolves. In these period 235767 persons bitten by animals and received Post exposure treatments.8 bitten individuals died due to rabies.
Conclusion: This survey showed that, rabies is prevalent in geographical condition of north provinces, most of animal rabies cases were in Golestan provinces, the most positive cases occurred in bovines, most of animal bites occurred by dogs (domestic animals) and wild animals respectively fox, Jackal, wolf.
Implementation of rabies control, such as activation of Rabies surveillance system, eliminating of stray animals, immunization of owned animals, and educating people, are recommendations which could help to decrease the risk of disease.
 
Keyword(s): RABIES, RABIES EPIDEMIOLOGY, NORTH PROVINCES IN IRAN
 
References: 
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