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Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCES IN NURSING AND MIDWIFERY (FACULTY OF NURSING OF MIDWIFERY QUARTERLY)   SUMMER 2009 , Volume 19 , Number 65; Page(s) 30 To 35.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTS OF HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY AND RELAXATION TECHNIQUES ON VASOMOTOR SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSAL WOMEN

 
 
Author(s):  KAMALI S.*, MOUSAVI NASAB N.
 
* DEPT. OF MIDWIFERY, FACULTY OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, ZANJAN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Background and aim: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is commonly administered for vasomotor symptoms of menopause. However, its utilization has been under uncertainty because of its carcinogenesis and side effects. Currently, one of the alternative methods in this regard is relaxation techniques. This quasi-experimental study was conducted to compare the effects of HRT with relaxation techniques on vasomotor symptoms of menopausal women.
Materials and methods: 90 women with vasomotor symptoms were first selected by convenience sampling method and then randomly divided into 3 HRT, relaxation technique and control groups. No intervention was performed in the control group. Data were collected with a questionnaire by interviewing the subjects.
Findings: No significant difference was found between the groups in the severity of the symptoms before the interventions. Both relaxation techniques and HRT decreased the symptoms. All symptoms except vertigo, weakness and lack of energy were significantly reduced in the HRT group compared with the control group. The same happened in the relaxation technique group compared with the control group. Although both HR T and relaxation were effective on vasomotor symptoms, the former seems more effective on the frequency of flushing.
Conclusion: HRT and relaxation techniques are both effective on the management of vasomotor symptoms. Therefore, in case of contraindication for hormones or reluctance of clients, relaxation techniques can be replaced.

 
Keyword(s): RELAXATION TECHNIQUES, HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY (HRT), VASOMOTOR SYMPTOMS, MENOPAUSE
 
References: 
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