Paper Information

Journal:   RESEARCHES IN MYSTICAL LITERATURE GAWHAR-I GUYA)   SPRING 2012 , Volume 6 , Number  1 (SEQUENTIAL 21) ; Page(s) 83 To 94.
 
Paper:  GARUD (GARUDA) (SYMBOL OF CONVERSION AND TRANSFORMATION OF MYTHS OF INDIA IN SAM NAMEH)
 
Author(s):  HEYDARI H., ZAND MOGHADAM S.
 
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Abstract: 

A study of the text of Sam Nameh and certain indications found in two of its side stories suggests the conversion and transformation of certain myths of India in this text, myths whose themes were probably introduced into Persian literary epic first through ma li' l-Hind of Abu Raihan Biruni and then on a more extensive scale through the era of translation movements during the time of the Mughal rule in India and the early Safavid rule in Persia. Thus, probably they entered into Persian epic texts via these translations. This research shows: i) the way in which these myths are cited and put into rhyme in Sam Nameh is different from that of Abu Raihan ’s work, and ii) the author of Sam Nameh must have been little informed about these Hindu myths, by virtue of which the lack of knowledge about these myths on the part of the audience may be inferred. Moreover, given the time of the transfer of these themes from India to Persia, one can say that the timing of the creation of this work cannot be earlier than that of the rule of Jalal ad-Din Akbar in India if Sam Nameh happens to be the work of one single author, and otherwise, one can say that at least those sections in which figures of the Hindu myths are present must have been related to this hypothesized period.

 
Keyword(s): SAM NAMEH, MYTHS OF INDIA, GARUDA, HINDU DEITIES
 
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