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Paper Information

Journal:   THE ECONOMIC RESEARCH   FALL 2012 , Volume 12 , Number 3; Page(s) 89 To 105.
 
Paper: 

ECONOMIC INTEGRATION AND SYNCHRONIZATION OF BUSINESS CYCLES IN SHANGHAI GROUP

 
 
Author(s):  SHAKIBAI ALIREZA, SHAHSANAI HASSAN
 
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Abstract: 

Economic convergence can be considered as one of the practical reactions of the countries to globalization process. Thus, selecting a union or regional trade group is one of the important goals in economic planning. Studying international business cycles and their transfer from one country to another can have a great impact on regional cooperation. Investigating the relationship between trade and business cycles can also offer a proper analysis of regional integration. In this paper, such convergence is studied after Iran’s presence in Shanghai Group as an observer member and efforts which are made to join it. Econometric method and generalized gravity model for the years 1996-2009 are used to find out if there is any business convergence between Iran and member states of Shanghai Group and if synchronization of business cycles is effective to business convergence. It has been revealed that there is no business convergence between Iran and member states of Shanghai and the business relations are divergent as well. It is also found out that there is a negative and significant relationship between synchronization of business cycles and convergence (divergence) of these countries.

 
Keyword(s): ECONOMIC INTEGRATION, SYNCHRONIZATION OF BUSINESS CYCLES, SHANGHAI GROUP, GRAVITY MODEL
 
References: 
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