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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ILAM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   SUMMER 2012 , Volume 20 , Number 2; Page(s) 44 To 52.
 
Paper: 

REASONS OF OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS IN KERMANSHAH PETROLEUM REFINERY: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY 1984-2009

 
 
Author(s):  KAKAEI H.*, HASHEMI NEJAD N., MOHAMMAD FAM I., SHOKOUHI M., AHMADI M., KAKAEI H., NASROLLAHI A., BASTAMINEJAD S.
 
* DEPT OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, FACULTY OF HEALTH, ILAM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Occupational accidents, because of the growing globalization, have caused substantial problems in countries. The effects of the occupational accidents can be resulted in temporary or permanent disabilities and even death. More than 80-90% of the occupational accidents are due to unsafe behavior. In recent decades, many of countries have considered more attentions to occupational accidents as a result of their high costs. Petroleum industry is one of the most incoming industries in Iran that have caused many of the dangerous accidents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the type and intensity of occupational accidents in Kermanshah petroleum refinery.
Materials & methods: This descriptive analytical study was conducted in all units of the Kermanshah petroleum refinery. The occupational accidents data within years of 1984-2009 were collected from workers health documents and registered using Tarrant check list on the basis of unsafe behavior and unsafe condition. The data obtained were then analyzed by SPSS-16 and descriptive statistics.
Findings: According to the results, about 86 occupational accidents were occurred in the-refinery during last 25 years that needed to emergency measurements. The most injured organ was hands (38.4%) and the most unsafe behavior was related to facilities maintenance units (82.6%). The results were also showed that the accidents frequency as a result of unsafe behavior, unsafe condition and both factors were 82.6%, 8.1% and 9.3%, respectively. The most frequency of unsafe behavior (81.4%) was observed for workers with 36-55 years old.
Discussion & Conclusion: In this study, human behavior was the main factor of the occupational accidents. In order to reduce the occupational accidents, it is essential that educational courses and planning related to safety were established for workers. Moreover, using experiences of scientific researchers, precise supervision on accomplishment of the regulations and providing the safety culture are helpful to prevent the occupational accidents.

 
Keyword(s): OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS, UNSAFE BEHAVIOR, UNSAFE CONDITIONS, OIL REFINERY KERMANSHAH
 
References: 
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