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Paper Information

Journal:   THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE (SJA)   MARCH 2008 , Volume 30 , Number 4-A; Page(s) 91 To 100.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF NEW GRAIN DRILL WITH SIMPLE GRAIN DRILL BY VARIOUS WHEAT PLANTING METHODS (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)

 
 
Author(s):  HAMIDINIA V.R.*, KAMGAR S., EMAM Y.
 
* SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY, SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In a field experiment conducted at experimental farm of shiraz agricultural college in 2003, effects of six various tillage and planting methods on emergence of irrigated wheat seedlings were evaluated. The ordinary methods (treatments) were composed of broadcasting + disk + furrower (T1), Simple grain drill + furrower (T2), Simple grain drill and flat planting (T3) and the new methods were: Furrower + simple grain drill (T4), furrower + new grain drill (their openers fallow furrows) (T5) and furrower + new grain drill + bedshaper (T6). A randomized complete block design with three replications was used. Grain yield and yield components including number of fertile shoots, number of grains per spike, 1000 grain weight and harvest index were evaluated. The results showed that there were significant differences in the number of grains per spike and also grain yield among the treatments. The T3 treatment, compared to the others, had the minimum seed spacing mean, maximum emerged seed mean, maximum number of fertile spikes and maximum grain yield. The T6 treatment indicated minimum fertile spikes, maximum mean number of grains per spike, maximum 1000 grain weight and maximum harvest index. In almost all cases, T3 and T6 were preferred to the other methods, and could be recommended for similar conditions to this experiment. The T3 treatment (5258.7 kg/ha) showed maximum grain yield.

 
Keyword(s): WHEAT, SOWING METHOD, FURROWER, BEDSHAPER, GRAINDRILL, FLAT PLANTING, BED PLANTING, FURROW PLANTING
 
References: 
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