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Paper Information

Journal:   TANAFFOS   SUUMMER 2012 , Volume 11 , Number 3; Page(s) 9 To 9.
 
Paper: 

COPD AND ASTHMA: EFFECTS BEYOND THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM (COMMENTARY PAPER)

 
 
Author(s):  BARNES PETER J.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF THORACIC MEDICINE, NATIONAL HEART AND LUNG INSTITUTE, IMPERIAL COLLEGE, LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM
 
Abstract: 

Asthma and COPD are multidimensional diseases, with several systemic manifestations and associations with a number of comorbid diseases. The most likely link between asthma and COPD and these extrapulmonary conditions is the spillover of inflammatory mediators from the lung, as systemic inflammation is associated with skeletal muscle wasting and cachexia as well as with cardiovascular, metabolic, and bone diseases. Asthma is characterized by chronic airway inflammation, and infiltration of T-lymphocytes, mast cells, eosinophils and monocytes/macrophages. This is associated with the increased expression of several inflammatory proteins, including cytokines, enzymes, receptors and adhesion molecules.

 
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APA: Copy

BARNES, P. (2012). COPD AND ASTHMA: EFFECTS BEYOND THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM (COMMENTARY PAPER). TANAFFOS, 11(3), 9-9. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=274107



Vancouver: Copy

BARNES PETER J.. COPD AND ASTHMA: EFFECTS BEYOND THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM (COMMENTARY PAPER). TANAFFOS. 2012 [cited 2021July25];11(3):9-9. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=274107



IEEE: Copy

BARNES, P., 2012. COPD AND ASTHMA: EFFECTS BEYOND THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM (COMMENTARY PAPER). TANAFFOS, [online] 11(3), pp.9-9. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=274107.



 
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