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Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCES IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 13 , Number 2 (50); Page(s) 67 To 79.
 
Paper: 

MEASURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME (PMS) ON ATTENTIONAL BIAS (AB) BY COMPUTERIZED DOTPROBE PARADIGM

 
 
Author(s):  ZARE HOSSEIN, TARAJ SHIRIN*
 
* PAYAM E NOOR UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Objective: The present researchis an experimente study to investigat the effect of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) on attention bias (AB).
Method: We used the dot-probe paradigm, also known as the visual-probe task, to investigate selective attention to threat. Thirty eight women with premenstrual syndrome were selected and tested before and after menstruation. The sample subjects were selected based on their scores in MSO, DSM-IV-IR, DRF, and MMDQ questionnaires and interviews. Then, the computerized, pictorial version of the modified dot-probe task was carried out on them.
Results: Data analysis revealed that females with PMS had significant attention bias when confronting angry faces, and reacted through avoidance (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Women with PMS by perceiving a threatening stimulus apply avoidance as a defense mechanism, which could maintain their conditions and symptoms.
 
Keyword(s): PMS, DOT-PROBE PARADIGM, ATTENTION BIAS, AVOIDANCE, VIGILANCE
 
References: 
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