Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCES IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 13 , Number 2 (50); Page(s) 9 To 22.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARISON OF BRAIN-BEHAVIORAL SYSTEMS AND GENDER DIFFERENCES AMONG ADDICTED AND NON-ADDICTED PERSONS

 
Author(s):  POURMOHSENI KOLURI FERESHTEH*, HAGHSHENAS AZADE, ASADI SABA
 
* ARDEBIL PAYAM NOOR UNIVERSITY, ARDEBIL
 
Abstract: 

Objective: Substance use/abuse (SU), including tobacco, alcohol and drugs, is one of the most hazardous behaviors during adolescence and youth. A better understanding of the underlying attitudes and predispositions may help to account for variations in overt behavior. Most of the research on the relationships of personality factors to SU, has utilized Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory. The present study aimes to examine associations between Gray's (BIS/BAS) personality dimensions and gender differences among addicted and non-addicted persons.
Method: Subjects were 60 treatment-seeking addicts and 60 non-addicts, females and males, who matched in age, gender, and education level and were divided in four groups of equal numbers. Then, they filled out the Gray-Wilson personality scale. Data analyses were conducted using the MANOVA and one-way ANOVA.
Results: We found that high scores on both BAS-related and BIS-related scales were jointly associated with substance abuse in female and male addicts. Addicted females attained high scores in FFS, but there was no significant difference in FFS between addicted and non-addicted males. In addition, there were no significant differences between BAS and BIS in non-addicted females and males.
Conclusion: these findings provide support for association between Gray's personality theory and substance abuse.

 
Keyword(s): BRAIN-BEHAVIORAL SYSTEMS, ADDICTED PERSONS, SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND GENDER DIFFERENCES
 
References: 
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