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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF GORGAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   FALL 2012 , Volume 14 , Number 3 (43); Page(s) 60 To 65.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF PREFABRICATED AND CUSTOM- MADE SPLINTS ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE FIRST CARPOMETACARPAL JOINT OSTEOARTHRITIS

 
 
Author(s):  AHMADI BANI M., ARAZPOUR M.*, VAHAB KASHANI R., MOUSAVI KHATAT M.
 
* STUDENT’S RESEARCH COMMITTEE, UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND REHABILITATION SCIENCE, TERHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Objective: The first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis reduced the ability of upper limb in elderly with subsequent disability in physical activities. This study was carried out to determine the effect of prefabricated and custom-made splints on quality of life in the first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was done on 24 elderly (>60 years of age) patients with the first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis and 12 matched healthy subjects in Tehran rehabilitation University during 2010-11. Patients assigned randomly in two groups with 8 weeks treatment period, prefabricated thumb and custom-made splints. Persian version of The Short Form 36 quastioner (SF36) was used to assess the quality of life. Data were analyzed using SPSS-16 and paired t-test.
Results: There were significant differences between osteoarthritis patients and healthy subjects in the quality of life according to SF36 score physical health problem (P<0.05), general health (P<0.05), limitations of activities (P<0.05), emotional health problem (P<0.05), social activities (P<0.05), pain (P<0.05), energy and emotions (P<0.05). Using splints significantly improved the quality of life of patients, but there was no significant difference between two splints in improving the quality of life.
Conclusion: Prefabricated and custom-made splint improve quality of life in elderly patient with the first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis.

 
Keyword(s): QUALITY OF LIFE, OSTEOARTHRITIS, FIRST CARPOMETACARPAL JOINT, SPLINT
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 76
 
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