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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 5 , Number SUPPLEMENT 1; Page(s) 91 To 91.
 
Paper: 

POSTER PRESENTATIONS: NURSING CARE IN HIGH RISK PREGNANCIES

 
 
Author(s):  AZIZI M.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, QOM BRANCH, QOM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Some women may have medical difficulties and challenges related to their health or the health of their fetus during their pregnancy. These women experience what is called a “high-risk” pregnancy. High-risk complications of pregnancy occur in only about 6 to 8 percent of all pregnancies. About 4 million American women give birth every year; and nearly one third of them will have some kind of pregnancy-related complications. Proper nursing care, beside medical treatment, has a significant effect on mother and child outcomes in high-risk pregnancies.
Materials and Methods: This paper is a review paper. Important aspects of nursing care are provided here. To write this paper, some nursing and medical papers of different sources gathered and fully studied. Here is the conclusion and inference of the author and also her experiences.
Results: Good prenatal care and medical treatment during pregnancy can help preventing complications. But in some conditions, high-risk pregnancy must be considered, include:
• Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
• Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
• HIV/AIDS
• Preterm Labor
• Other medical conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart, breathing, or kidney problems.
Serious complications for mothers and infants are most likely to occur in these high-risk pregnancies. Hence, special care is needed to assure the best possible outcome for these women and their babies. Nursing planning in care of patients with high risk pregnancies must include below aspects: Activity/Rest, Circulation, Ego, Integrity, Elimination, Food/ Fluid, Neurosensory, Respiration, Safety, Sexuality, Social Interaction, and Teaching/ Learning. Nursing priorities include:
1. Identify high-risk situations
2. Minimize risk factors for client and/or fetus
3. Create ongoing program of education and support
4. Prevent/minimize deterioration of maternal/fetal status
5. Counsel client regarding present and/or future pregnancies
Conclusion: With proper care, 90 to 95 percent of high-risk pregnancies produce healthy, viable babies. The earlier a problem is detected, the better the chances that both mother and baby will stay healthy. It is important to remember, however, that not all conditions can be diagnosed, and some pregnancies begin normally, but develop problems later. Finally, proper nursing interventions have considerable effects on preventing high risk pregnancies, identifying them early and also survival of the mother and child.

 
Keyword(s): NURSING CARE, HIGH RISK PREGNANCY
 
References: 
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