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Paper Information

Journal:   HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY   SPRING 2012 , Volume 2 , Number 4 (8); Page(s) 71 To 100.
 
Paper: 

PLATO'S INFLUENCE ON FARABI'S POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

 
 
Author(s):  SADRA ALIREZA, PARAN DAVOOD
 
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Abstract: 

Farabi's virtuous city (Medina fadilah) in Islamic political philosophy is usually compared with Plato's utopia. If this comparison in relation to Farabi's founding of "political philosophy" is correct, the study of this point, which was developed in the middle period of Islam, can illuminate the reasons of the failures witnessed more recently in Islamic countries. The purpose of the writer in this paper is to explore the effect of Plato's political philosophy on the authoritarian design of the Muslim philosopher's virtuous city through a text-oriented explanation of Farabi's political philosophy following a comparative method of analysis. In other words, unlike those who have commonly tried to forefront some of the religious aspects of his newly founded science because of his being a Muslim, the writers of this paper, by assuming the existence of a philosophical basis for the ideas of the Second Teacher, seek its original roots in Platonic ideas. That is why the distinctive feature of this paper is avoiding the modern and traditional ideological terminologies in order to demonstrate or reject the absolute truth of Farabi's ideas.

 
Keyword(s): FARABI, PLATO, VIRTUOUS CITY, UTOPIA, HAPPINESS, VIRTUE
 
References: 
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