Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 5 , Number SUPPLEMENT 1; Page(s) 86 To 86.
 
Paper: 

ORAL PRESENTATIONS: CELL PHONES AND FERTILITY EFFECTS (REVIEW)

 
 
Author(s):  MOLLAAHMADI F.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND FEMALE INFERTILITY, REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE CENTER, ROYAN INSTITUTE FOR REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE, A.C.E.C.R., TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Infertility is defined as inability to conceive after a year of sexual intercourses without the use of contraceptives. In half of the cases the causative factor is the male. Males are exposed to the effect of various environmental factors, which may decrease their reproductive capabilities. Phone electromagnetic power is very small, only a few hundredths of a microwave oven, but because of cell phone antenna close to the head when in use, emission of electromagnetic waves is very concentrated. Electromagnetic waves (EMW) can affect the reproductive system via an EMW-specific effect, thermal molecular effect or combination of both (thermal and non-thermal effects). Mobile phone radiation will destroy the immune system, leading to female infertility. Mobile phone radiation will destroy the immune system and genetic cell birth to deformed children of women so and even lead to infertility. Almost a billion people around the world are using mobile phones and the number is growing fast.
Materials and Methods: A PubMed search was conducted for the period of 2005 until now.
Results: Both quality and quantity appear to be affected by heavy cell phone use. The findings suggest millions of men may encounter difficulties in fathering a child due to the widespread use of mobile phones and offers another possible explanation for plummeting fertility levels, The eyes, breasts and testicles are the areas of the body most likely to absorb the energy. studies show that Men who used a mobile for more than four hours a day had a 25 per cent lower sperm count than men who never used a mobile. Somehow electromagnetic waves may be causing direct damage to these cells and that perhaps causes a decrease in sperm production. The greater the use of mobile phones, the greater the decrease in four parameters - sperm count, mobility, viability and morphology. Cell phone radiation may cause structural and functional injuries of the testis, alteration of semen parameters, and reduction of epididymal sperm concentration and decline of male fertility.
Conclusion: The greatest effects were seen among very heavy users who talk on a mobile for more than four hours a day, both phenomena occur over short distances, so holding a phone at a distance from the crotch while speaking should not be dangerous. People use mobile phones without thinking twice what the consequences may be. but mobiles could be having a devastating effect on fertility. It still has to be proved but it could have a huge impact because mobiles are so much part of our lives.

 
Keyword(s): CELL PHONE, INFERTILITY, FERTILE
 
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