Paper Information

Journal:   LAW & POLITICS RESEARCH JOURNAL   SPRING 2010 , Volume 12 , Number 28; Page(s) 405 To 427.
 
Paper: 

EVOLUTION OF ADMINISTRATING URBAN AFFAIRS BY CIVIC ASSOCIATION AND COUNCIL

 
 
Author(s):  HARISINEJAD KAMALODDIN*
 
* FACULTY OF LAW, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

The lack of centralization in the horizon of Iran’s executive history emerged since the Constitutional Revolution of Iran, and its origin was in Tabriz. Municipal Council as one of the important examples of decentralization, pioneered by Tabriz, formed across the country and managed the administrative issues of the cities. But the circumstances of this matter after a hundred years of establishment was not alike and had passed many up and downs.
Immediately after the Constitutional Revolution, municipal councils relying on municipal councils law, approved in 1325 (lunar year) with sufficient authority and considerable autonomy, whether for the selection of its members or the rate of the presence and intervention of central government in their matters, began to organize the affairs of cities. The coup occurred in 1920 and change of the dynasty and the establishment of dictatorship, the councils ebbed. Legislation and enforcement of municipality Law in 1930 and its implementing regulations, these associations lost their independence and changed legally and practically into powerless agents of central government. After September 1941, and the relative opening of political space and especially starting of oil nationalization movement, municipal councils being also considered, and by the approving of municipal law and the municipal councils formed in 1949 and then the bill of the municipality law in 1952 regained relative independence and authority to govern the cities. This period did not last so long and with the Persian date 28 Mordad 1332 (August 1953) coup, the role of municipal councils paled at the governing of city affairs. Adopting municipality Law in 1955 and its subsequent amendments and under the influence of prevailing political climate, city councils converted to ceremonial institutions.
After Islamic revolution in 1978, Iran's constitution, defined a great importance for councils, including the Islamic City Councils and declared them as the decisionmaking and administerating elements, but in spite of legislating relative laws, these councils were not formed for various reasons. Governing the city affairs deputed to ostandariha on the behalf of them; finally the city councils were formed in 1999, although the level of their authority and interference in city affairs of their limits is not in the status of constitutional arrangements in this regard.

 
Keyword(s): CITY, ASSOCIATION, COUNCIL, MUNICIPALITY
 
References: 
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