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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY   JULY-SEPTEMBER 2012 , Volume 6 , Number 2; Page(s) 117 To 126.
 
Paper: 

SERUM LEPTIN AND GHRELIN LEVELS IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME: CORRELATION WITH ANTHROPOMETRIC, METABOLIC, AND ENDOCRINE PARAMETERS

 
 
Author(s):  HOUJEGHANI SHIVA, POURGHASSEM GARGARI BAHRAM*, FARZADI LAYA
 
* NUTRITIONAL RESEARCH CENTER, DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND DIET THERAPY, FACULTY OF HEALTH AND NUTRITION, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients are more prone to abnormal production of some regulatory peptides. In these patients, studies on the serum levels of leptin and ghrelin are controversial. This study aims to investigate serum levels of leptin and ghrelin and their correlation with metabolic and endocrine indices in PCOS.
Materials and Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 60 women; 30 with PCOS and 30 healthy women whose age and body mass index (BMI) were matched and who were referred to Alzahra Hospital, Tabriz, Iran. Serum levels of leptin, ghrelin, insulin, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and testosterone were measured. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Descriptive statistics and correlations were performed using SPSS 12.0 for Windows.
Results: In PCOS women, serum levels of leptin, insulin, HOMA-IR, testosterone, LH, and LH/FSH were significantly higher, while SHBG was lower than in healthy women. Ghrelin and FSH were similar in both groups. Serum levels of leptin correlated with BMI (r=0.85, p<0.001), waist to hip ratio (WHR) (r=0.55, p<0.01), insulin levels (r=0.85, p<0.001) and HOMA-IR (r=0.67, p<0.01), while ghrelin levels had an inverse association with testosterone (r=-0.32, p=0.04).
Conclusion: The results showed increased leptin levels while ghrelin remained unchanged in PCOS patients. In PCOS patients, leptin positively correlated with BMI, WHR, insulin, and insulin resistance, while ghrelin was only associated with serum testosterone levels.

 
Keyword(s): POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME, LEPTIN, GHRELIN, INSULIN
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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APA: Copy

HOUJEGHANI, S., & POURGHASSEM GARGARI, B., & FARZADI, L. (2012). SERUM LEPTIN AND GHRELIN LEVELS IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME: CORRELATION WITH ANTHROPOMETRIC, METABOLIC, AND ENDOCRINE PARAMETERS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY, 6(2), 117-126. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=273401



Vancouver: Copy

HOUJEGHANI SHIVA, POURGHASSEM GARGARI BAHRAM, FARZADI LAYA. SERUM LEPTIN AND GHRELIN LEVELS IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME: CORRELATION WITH ANTHROPOMETRIC, METABOLIC, AND ENDOCRINE PARAMETERS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY. 2012 [cited 2021July31];6(2):117-126. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=273401



IEEE: Copy

HOUJEGHANI, S., POURGHASSEM GARGARI, B., FARZADI, L., 2012. SERUM LEPTIN AND GHRELIN LEVELS IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME: CORRELATION WITH ANTHROPOMETRIC, METABOLIC, AND ENDOCRINE PARAMETERS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY, [online] 6(2), pp.117-126. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=273401.



 
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