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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 5 , Number SUPPLEMENT 1; Page(s) 69 To 69.
 
Paper: 

FEMALE INFERTILITY: RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH WOMENS’ INFERTILITY IN ILAM PROVINCE

 
 
Author(s):  PEYMAN H.*, YAGHOUBI M., SOHEILI F., JALILIAN A., DELPISHEH A.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, ILAM UNIVERITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ILAM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Tubal damage due to pelvic infection, obesity and hormonal imbalances are known important risk factors associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. A link between subfertility in women who live in rural areas has also been reported probably due to exposure to environmental toxins. The present study aimed to determine risk factors associated with women's infertility disorder.
Materials and Methods: Trough a descriptive cross sectional study, 71 women with infertility disorder referred to the Gynecology Clinic in Ilam city western Iran, were randomly recruited. Clinical and demographic data were collected using a valid and reliable questionnaire containing two sections on health history of subjects and their partners.
Results: Mean age ± standard deviation was 27.6 ± 6.1 years. Overall, 37.1% of women were less educated and 33.8% were living in rural areas. Almost two third (68.3%) had primary infertility and 53.8% were either overweight or obese (p<0.002). The Mean marriage age and age at menarche were 21.5 ± 5.1 and 14.0 ± 2.0 years respectively. Overall, 36.6% had complained of irregular menstruation, 32.4% had a history of consanguineous marriage and 14.1% reported an infertility history amongst their closed relatives (mother or sister). Majority of the subjects (43.7%) had used contraceptive methods including LD pills in particular. History of abortion (11.3%), pelvic infections (36.6%), hirsutism (14.1%), weight changes (8.5%), thyroid disorders (7%) and decreased libido (5.6%) were significantly associated with women infertility (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Women's infertility was significantly observed in overweight women and those with a history of irregular menstruation particularly in rural areas. Therefore, regular visits, weight control interventions and personal health education management are suggested in infertile women.

 
Keyword(s): INFERTILITY, WOMEN, ILAM, IRAN
 
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