Paper Information

Journal:   CURRICULUM PLANNING KNOWLEDGE & RESEARCH IN EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES   FALL 2012 , Volume 9 , Number 34; Page(s) 32 To 41.
 
Paper: 

FUNDAMENTS OF DISTANCE EDUCATION PEDAGOGY AND ITS THEORIES

 
 
Author(s):  NAJAFI HOSSEIN*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL OF SCIENCES, PAYAME NOOR UNIVERSITY, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The research aim was to present the pedagogical foundations of distance education and its theories. Distance education is defined as a trans- disciplinary besides and complementary to the traditional educational system with aim of regarding to individual differences and providing various learning opportunities proportion to age, gender, employment and disability in order to realize the slogan of education for everyone, everywhere, and every time.
Overview - analytical method has been used to review the research. Distance education, in order to be considered introduced as a new educational system, should have features, pedagogical fundaments and its own specific theorizing.
The main important features distance education may include the followings: the separation of teacher - learner, independence of the learner autonomy, interaction, educational support organization, communication tool and science construction and production by learner. On the other hand, in view of constructionist, because the learner is commentator, creator and supplier of knowledge in the form of standard frameworks, the learner is considered as the fundaments of distance education pedagogy. In addition to, in order to convert distance education to a scientific paradigm, it must have its own specific theorizing. The most important scientific theories of the field of distance education are included: Wedm ear’s theory of the learner’s in practice, Peters’ education industrialization, Holmberg’s sextet training interaction, Moor’s transactional distance, and garrison and Mayra bin oven’s control theory.

 
Keyword(s): DISTANCE EDUCATION, PEDAGOGICAL FUNDAMENTS, CONSTRUCTIVISM, THEORIES OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
 
References: 
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