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Paper Information

Journal:   HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT   FALL 2011 , Volume 30 , Number 135; Page(s) 85 To 104.
 
Paper: 

HUMAN APPROACH IN RESETTLEMENT PLANNING IN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS

 
 
Author(s):  MOSHIRI FARROKH*
 
* URBAN PLANNING DEPARTMENT'S SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Every year millions of people in the world, following the implementation of development projects, are forced to be displaced and settling in the margin of the cities in the difficult conditions than before the resettlement. Present article, seeking an answer to the question of how to plan for involuntary resettlement in justly conditions, and, how to accomplish these plans.
Michael M. Sernea, in his own "Model of Hazard and Reconstruction", declares that the basic questions on resettlement are circumstances of displacement and manner of it's prevention. According to him, eight hazards cause impoverishment. But it is possible, by planning, to reverse the process, and provide the condition of turning resettlement into rehabilitation. The impoverishment approach was exploited in the rehabilitation program in the area of Karoun3 dam which accomplished in two pre-programs of rehabilitation and re occupation. But the program, didn't accomplished. Studying of the accomplishment conditions of such programs in universal experiences, it became clear that, anthropologists and social scientists were the first who documented the impacts of impoverishment. Then, on the base of Sernea's approach, the "involuntary resettlement and rehabilitation" model was explained, and the next step, in order to make the model operative, training was along with high education and traineeship of skillful forces of local participators, with collaboration of World Bank Economic Development Institute, in countries interested in resolution of resettlement. The next necessity was essential attempt to compile policies, instructions and laws related to resettlement, which were suggested and done by state or social activators.
As the final result, resettlement management, requires the national overall will and endeavor, and can't be succeeded through local tact and ability. Thus, must be constituted an authorized organization, with trans-sectoral jurisdiction and influence, and having certain specifications, at national level, and also leave the responsibility of plan preparation, through an essential and scientific process, to spatial planners.

 
Keyword(s): PUBLIC PARTICIPATION, DISPLACEMENT, REHABILITATION, RELOCATION
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

MOSHIRI, F. (2011). HUMAN APPROACH IN RESETTLEMENT PLANNING IN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS. HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT, 30(135), 85-104. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272761



Vancouver: Copy

MOSHIRI FARROKH. HUMAN APPROACH IN RESETTLEMENT PLANNING IN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS. HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT. 2011 [cited 2021May07];30(135):85-104. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272761



IEEE: Copy

MOSHIRI, F., 2011. HUMAN APPROACH IN RESETTLEMENT PLANNING IN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS. HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT, [online] 30(135), pp.85-104. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272761.



 
 
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