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Paper Information

Journal:   HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT   FALL 2011 , Volume 30 , Number 135; Page(s) 71 To 84.
 
Paper: 

ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF MASTER PLAN IN RURAL SETTLEMENTS OF IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  AZIZPOUR FARHAD, KHALILI AHMAD, MOHSENZADEH ARMIN, HOSEINI HASEL SEDIGHEH
 
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Abstract: 

Implementation of master Plan as an physical intervention, have been affected and changed the villages in different dimensions (environmental, socio - cultural, economic and political). However, policy makers are looking comprehensive effectiveness of this plan, today it has been noticed that the economic effectiveness has significant importance. This plan was started since 1989 by the government (Housing Foundation of Islamic Revolution).The approach of the master plan insisted to enhancing the quality of the physical and socio-economic structure of villages in the country, which this plan provide basis for provided rural development. In this regard, the government has implemented nearly 9, 912 plans (until 2010) in villages in the country. According to custodian's opinion, this project has significant effects on various aspects of rural community in particular the economic aspect. This article will examine the above view, by considering four major criteria which are selected for economic evaluation and are changes in land use, rural income status, investment and employment (these criteria are the most important to evaluate the economic situation). Also the sub-criteria are selected which are the price of land (inside and outside of the village), rate of income in three levels (high, middle and low income), investments in production and services, the status of migration to and from villages, and the percentage increase in the number of workshops with regard to production and services, also the share of workers in three economic sectors. Also in 363 sample villages, the evaluation were conducted and the hierarchical method was used for analyzing the data. The results are shown that implementation of master Plan was effected relatively desirable on employment development, investment, rural income and land use.

 
Keyword(s): RURAL MASTER PLAN, ASSESSMENT, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC IMPACT
 
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