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Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCES IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE   FALL 2007 , Volume 9 , Number 3 (35); Page(s) 36 To 44.
 
Paper: 

INFORMATION PROCESSING AND SELECTIVE ATTENTION IN FEMALE ADOLESCENT STUDENTS WITH SYMPTOMS OF EATING DISORDERS

 
 
Author(s):  YOUSEFI ASL SOUREH, MORADI ALIREZA, DEHGHANI MOHSEN
 
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Abstract: 

Objective: The aim of the current research was to study selective attention toward food and body-shape related stimuli in subjects with eating disorder symptoms who had not presented for treatment.
Method: 53 female subjects with the symptoms of eating disorders (15 subjects with symptoms of anorexia nervosa, and 38 subjects with symptoms of bulimia nervosa) and 46 normal females aged 14 to 18 were selected and matched on the bases of age, education, and parent education. All subjects responded to the computerized version of the Dot Probe Task (a computerized task for assessing selective attention). The target words in this research were food and body-shape words, which were all matched according to frequency and word length with neutral words. The subjects' reaction times were measured and recorded. A factorial design and ANOVA were employed to analyze the results.
Results: Subjects with eating disorder symptoms who had scored high on Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) showed attention bias with avoidance from body-shape stimuli, while this bias was not observed for food stimuli.
Conclusion: The findings of this research are interpreted in the light of past studies.

 
Keyword(s): SELECTIVE ATTENTION, EATING DISORDERS, DOT PROBE TASK
 
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