Paper Information

Journal:   HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT   SPRING 2012 , Volume 31 , Number 137; Page(s) 53 To 70.
 
Paper:  PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS WITH SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT APPROACH (CONCEPTS, THEORIES, STRATEGIES)
 
Author(s):  POURTAHERI M., NAGHAVI M.R.*
 
* TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Ruralism is a specific form of human's settlement, living and an evident exposure of economical and sociological life which lasted somehow sustainable during several centuries. The role and place of villages in economical, sociological and political development processes in local, regional, national and international scale and outcomes of undevelopment of rural areas such as poverty, increasing injustice, fast population growth, unemployment and …, have interacted attention toward rural development and its priority rather than urban development. In recent years, attention paid to physical planning of rural settlements, in order to find the most pleasant state of consistency between space and society which has been placed in the rural development organization and institution's agenda. In this regard, the whole organized and integrated activities carried out to improve the physical environment of rural settlements which have been considered by planners. They are trying to provide an appropriate platform for rural settlements, physical development, also put effort for sustainable approach in rural development by emphasizing on physical development. This article is a applied research and its methodology is based on analytical-descriptive study in which data gathering is based on documentation. The results shown the structural-functional problems in rural regions that rural settlements in economical, sociological and environmental sectors still have been accomplished without considering sustainable development approaches. Since rural settlements have different degrees of severity, are facing with challenges such as poverty, income injustice, rural migrations and villages abundance, lack of special and formal management and high vulnerability. This can be seen that the linkage between sustainable approaches and physical development is very weak.

 
Keyword(s): DEVELOPMENT, SETTLEMENTS, PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
 
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