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Paper Information

Journal:   ISLAMIC ART   FALL 2006-WINTER 2007 , Volume 3 , Number 5; Page(s) 141 To 154.
 
Paper: 

MANICHEAN ART AND ITS INFLUENCE ON EARLY ISLAMIC PAINTINGS

 
 
Author(s):  DADVAR ABOLGHASEM, MOHAMMADI SORAYA
 
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Abstract: 

Manichaeism was first formed in Iran in the third-century with the union of Mazdasim and Christianity. Manicheans fled eastern and northern areas, because of the torment and annoyance of Zoroastrians. In those areas many Persians lived and Manicheans created an independent minority in Saghd. Manicheans had a Persian origin; therefore, they extended Persian art to near the borders of India.
The religion of Manichaeism which was expanded in Asia and also in northern Africa and Southern Europe had an vital role in the history of Persian art. After the domination of the Arabs, Manicheans finally reached liberty and for generations they were able to invite others to their religion under the negligence of the Muslim authorities. In Persia and Mesopotamia, artistic elements and techniques were aintained and with the emergence of Islam, these elements were blended with religious meanings. In other words, Islamic paintings were first originated from Manichean art.
This essay which is based on a historical-descriptive research and credible documents; will focus on first on the Manichean religion and on Manichean paintings which has been manipulated in various ways, second it will study the influences that this art has caused on early Islamic paintings.
This essay will answer the following questions:
How Manichaean art influenced early Islamic paintings?
What are the artistic and decorative elements in Manichaean paintings?
And will achieve the following aims:
Identifying the Manichaean religion and its influence on Islamic art
Reaching the decorative and conceptual elements of Manichaean paintings.

 
Keyword(s): MANICHAEAN RELIGION AND ART, TORFAN AREA, EARLY ISLAMIC ART
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 96
 
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