Paper Information

Journal:   ISLAMIC ART   FALL 2006-WINTER 2007 , Volume 3 , Number 5; Page(s) 25 To 44.
 
Paper: 

THE COMBINATION OF INSCRIPTIONS AND GEOMETRICAL PATTERNS IN SAFAVID BUILDINGS

 
 
Author(s):  FARASAT MARYAM*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

One of the most defining characteristics of Islamic architecture in any building is the existence of inscriptions. Decorative inscriptions in Islamic architecture include: plaster-mold work (stucco), brickwork, stonework, and tile work. These elements are occasionally used alone or in combination with others in order for the artist to demonstrate and create an amazed beauty. An artist can set together a variety of letters and pictorial features with their artistic taste to challenge forms and create an incredibly splendid combination. Furthermore, inscriptions are a tool for reflecting the holy message of God and the holy people, moreover, some include Islamic prayers.
Another aspect of Islamic architecture in the perspective of importance and criteria is that geometrical patterns can be distinguished everywhere. The utilization of these patterns which endure philosophic and intellectual meanings intends to have a great influence of the mentality of the prayers and creates a sense of unity within them. The twisting geometrical patterns and the repetition of a proportional style, generate a sense of union and harmony.
These two decorative features are known as the two basic aspects of Islamic architecture and can be seen in buildings in Isfahan that have remained from the Safavid era. It is certain that companionship of the intellectual sense of the inscriptions and its unity would penetrate the spirit and thoughts of the spectator.
Isfahan could be named as one of the most historical places in Iran, especially in the Safavid era; because of its unique situation, it made an noticeable progress in architecture. In Safavid architecture, regarding and emphasizing on decorative elements was the key factor; therefore, The historical sites in Isfahan are an significant source for observing the decoration and ornamental patterns of Iranian architecture. In famous mosques such as Jame mosque and Hakim mosque and also Schools such as Chahar bagh, Kase Garan; uniqueness and harmony can be extracted.
This essay will consider both the two major elements of Islamic architecture, inscriptions and geometrical patterns and their relation together by answering the following questions.
What is the specific relation between inscriptions and geometrical patterns in Islamic architecture?
Do the hidden meanings within the inscriptions have a connection with the symbolic implication of the geometrical patterns?
How does the illustration and vision of beauty go along with geometrical patterns and inscriptions?

 
Keyword(s): ARCHITECTURE OF ISFAHAN, INSCRIPTION, GEOMETRICAL PATTERNS AND DESIGNS, COMBINATION OF MEANING AND BEAUTY
 
References: 
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