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Paper Information

Journal:   ISLAMIC ART   FALL 2006-WINTER 2007 , Volume 3 , Number 5; Page(s) 7 To 24.
 
Paper: 

A SURVEY ON STUDYING RECOGNIZING AND REPRESENTING HISTORICAL BATHHOUSES IN COLD REGIONS OF ZANJAN

 
 
Author(s):  SAFARAN ELYAS, ELAHI AMIR
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

The following essay is taken from a post-graduate thesis and has been prepared under several studies and reviews in the region of Zanjan. The bathhouses of Zanjan built in the Qajar era, including six bathhouses of which five are still working, were explored. These bathhouses were located in Zanjan Bazaar, which are of high importance due to the fact that bazaars played a major role in communication, besides their economical, cultural, and religious functions.
The style of the architecture and forms of the bathhouses, the decoration and the material used in the building as well as the maze of paths to reach the bathhouses were all based on engineering calculations. The water supply system and transferring the required water into the bathhouses as well as its heating system, the type of fuel used, and finally the heat transferring were all analyzed. The following points are achieved in this survey:
Reviewing the style of architecture, plans and that it is located in the old district of the city near the historical bazaar, it can be declared that the bathhouses were constructed in the Qajar era; relevant to the development of the bazaars in that time.
In the construction of the bathhouses, a plan with four verandas and maid dome, and in some other, a less deep plan with four verandas; making use of a column in the heating room have been used.
Due to the cold weather of the region, mixtures of stone and motar as well as coverage of adobe have been used as insulation. The bathhouses are built in a depth of 3.5 to 4.5 meters, making use of soil as a natural insulation and also they withstand an earthquake more.
The water transfer of the building was done through pipes made of baked clay, while animal excrement was used as fuel.
This essay will answer the following questions:
How is the structure of bathhouses located in the cold region of Zanjan?
What are substances and decorations used in forming bathhouses?

 
Keyword(s): BATHHOUSE, COLD REGION, ZANJAN, WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM, ARCHITECTURE, HEATING SYSTEM
 
 
References: 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

SAFARAN, E., & ELAHI, A. (2007). A SURVEY ON STUDYING RECOGNIZING AND REPRESENTING HISTORICAL BATHHOUSES IN COLD REGIONS OF ZANJAN. ISLAMIC ART, 3(5), 7-24. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272613



Vancouver: Copy

SAFARAN ELYAS, ELAHI AMIR. A SURVEY ON STUDYING RECOGNIZING AND REPRESENTING HISTORICAL BATHHOUSES IN COLD REGIONS OF ZANJAN. ISLAMIC ART. 2007 [cited 2021May16];3(5):7-24. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272613



IEEE: Copy

SAFARAN, E., ELAHI, A., 2007. A SURVEY ON STUDYING RECOGNIZING AND REPRESENTING HISTORICAL BATHHOUSES IN COLD REGIONS OF ZANJAN. ISLAMIC ART, [online] 3(5), pp.7-24. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272613.



 
 
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