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Paper Information

Journal:   RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES)   FEBRUARY 2012 , Volume 18 , Number 92; Page(s) 8 To 14.
 
Paper: 

REPORT OF 34 CASES OF SAPROPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM DYSTROPHIC NAILS OF PATIENTS REFERRED TO RAZI HOSPITAL (2010 - 2011)

 
 
Author(s):  GHASEMI ZEINAB, FALAHATI MEHRABAN*, SADRI MOHAMMAD, FAREHYAR SHIRIN, NAMI SANAM, NOZARI SHIMA, AHMADI FARZANEH, GHAFFARPOUR GHOLAMHOSSEIN
 
* FACULTY OF MEDICINE, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Saprophytes are one of the agents causing nail dystrophy. Saprophytes can invade healthy nail or may invade nails previously damaged in the course of other diseases and grow with suitable conditions. The reported incidence of saprophytic nails is between 1.43-17.6%. Saprophytes preferably invade the nails on the big toes, especially in individuals above 60 years. The most etiologic agents of saprophyte nail are Aspergillus spp, Acremonium spp, Scopulariopsis spp, Penicilliumspp, and fusarium. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence agents of saprophytic nails in patient that had referred to Razi hospital.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study and nail samples were analyzed by direct microscopy and culture. Microscopic examination of these specimens was carried out in potassium hydroxide solution (20%). These specimens were cultured on two media of sabourad dextrose Agar (S). Czapek-Dox Agar [CZA] medium was used for identification of Aspergillus species. For investigation of relevance between the variables, Chi-square test and Fisher exact tests were used.
Results: In this study, 34 cases were positive by both direct microscopy and culture. Of those, 17 patients were females and 17 patients were males. The most frequently isolated saprophytes from nails was Aspergilus flavors (35.3%). Meanwhile 58.8% of saprophytes were isolated from toe nails.
In this study the distal subungual onychomycosis was the most frequent (% 64.7%). The age group 50-59 years (29.4%) had the highest prevalence of saprophytic nail infections. In this study the prevalence of saprophytic nails infections was 17.2%.
Conclusion: A proper diagnosis, consisting of both clinical and mycological examinations, may aid the clinician in selecting the most appropriate therapy. Knowledge of epidemiology and mycology characteristics of nail infections has been noted by many authors as being an important tool for control of these fungal infections.

 
Keyword(s): SAPROPHYTE, DISTROPHIC, ONYCHOMYCOSIS, NAIL
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

GHASEMI, Z., & FALAHATI, M., & SADRI, M., & FAREHYAR, S., & NAMI, S., & NOZARI, S., & AHMADI, F., & GHAFFARPOUR, G. (2012). REPORT OF 34 CASES OF SAPROPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM DYSTROPHIC NAILS OF PATIENTS REFERRED TO RAZI HOSPITAL (2010 - 2011). RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES), 18(92), 8-14. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272587



Vancouver: Copy

GHASEMI ZEINAB, FALAHATI MEHRABAN, SADRI MOHAMMAD, FAREHYAR SHIRIN, NAMI SANAM, NOZARI SHIMA, AHMADI FARZANEH, GHAFFARPOUR GHOLAMHOSSEIN. REPORT OF 34 CASES OF SAPROPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM DYSTROPHIC NAILS OF PATIENTS REFERRED TO RAZI HOSPITAL (2010 - 2011). RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES). 2012 [cited 2021May09];18(92):8-14. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272587



IEEE: Copy

GHASEMI, Z., FALAHATI, M., SADRI, M., FAREHYAR, S., NAMI, S., NOZARI, S., AHMADI, F., GHAFFARPOUR, G., 2012. REPORT OF 34 CASES OF SAPROPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM DYSTROPHIC NAILS OF PATIENTS REFERRED TO RAZI HOSPITAL (2010 - 2011). RAZI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF IRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES), [online] 18(92), pp.8-14. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=272587.



 
 
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