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Paper Information

Journal:   ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY & THEOLOGY (ISLAMIC STUDIES (KALAM))   FALL 2010-WINTER 2011 , Volume 42 , Number 85/2; Page(s) 91 To 116.
 
Paper: 

SOCIAL CLASSES IN THE VIEWPOINT OF KHWAJA NASIR AL-DIN TUSI

 
 
Author(s):  RAZAVI SEYED ABOLFAZL*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Khwaja Nasir al-Din Tusi is one of the greatest thinkers of the middle centuries (AH), who enjoys a high status in science and literature and has a worldwide reputation. Nasir al-Din Tusi did not suffice himself merely with science (ilm) and thought and was involved in practical politics, too. The last two decades of Khwaja Nasir’s life in Ilkhanids courts was his period of scientific and practical activities and played an influential role in controlling the Mongols’ conducts and the revival of the Iranian culture. His tolerant and ideologically lenient personality, which paved the way for interaction with the scientists of other countries and nations greatly contributed to his success and the promotion of his position. Khwaja Nasir was a comprehensive scientist and fully erudite in different sciences, including theoretical and practical philosophy. In practical philosophy, Nasir al-Din Tusi has examined various aspects of social life structure and in politics he has dealt with the social classes and their status in society. Among the Muslim philosophers and thinkers of the middle period (AH), Khwaja Nasir al-Din Tusi has had the most perfect viewpoint towards justice and has dealt with social classes and their status in the middle period by taking into consideration the practical and theoretical aspects of the concept of justice. To my opinion, the status of justice in Iranian thoughts and the more important emphasis of Islamic foundations, and especially the Shiism, on this category has prompted a more specific attitude in Khwaja Nasir towards social classes and their status in society (from the practical philosophy point of view). Having taken a brief look at the society and rule (hukuma) in Khwaja Nasir’s era, this article addresses his cultural position and performance and then reviews the class structure from his point of view.

 
Keyword(s): SOCIAL CLASSES, POLITICS, THE ILKHANIDS, KHWAJA NASIR AL-DIN TUSI
 
References: 
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