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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF GIS.RS. APPLICATION IN PLANNING   SPRING 2011 , Volume 2 , Number 3; Page(s) 75 To 85.
 
Paper: 

SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BRONZE AGE SITES IN BAMPUR VALLEY USING GIS

 
 
Author(s):  ESMAELNEJAD MORTEZA, ABTIN ALI AKBAR
 
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Abstract: 

GIS with its related techniques is one of the advanced and new tools used in archeology. This study investigated the application of GIS in spatial and environmental analysis of archeological sites around Bampur River. For this purpose, all the descriptive and locational information related to archeological sites and their spatial analysis was collected, categorized, converted and entered into geographical information systems. The most important parts of spatial database layers such as topography map, river networks, water resources, digital elevation map and land use layer and situation of sites were investigated. In addition to correct and fast access to large volumes of the required information, the possibility of presenting and illustrating locational and subjective information in the form of maps and tables was provided. In the attempt to reveal the relationship between natural environment and Bronze Age sites, various analyzing capabilities of GIS such as buffering and query were used. Eventually, the role and importance of Bampur River in the formation and demolition of archeological sites of the third millennium B.C. was investigated. It can be said that in this region, Bampur River had a vital role in settlements of the third millennium, and their rises and falls depended on the fluctuations in the river. It should be noted that the density of the archaeological sites in each period was different; only periodIV with the largest settlement witnessed the outstanding progress of the area and Bampur Tepe had a major role in cross-border trade.

 
Keyword(s): SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS, GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS), BAMPUR VALLEY, BRONZE AGE
 
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