Paper Information

Journal:   SOCIAL WELFARE   WINTER 2012 , Volume 11 , Number 43; Page(s) 97 To 119.
 
Paper: 

COMPARING RATE AND SEVERITY OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS BETWEEN EMPLOYED AND UNEMPLOYED YOUNG MEN IN TEHRAN

 
 
Author(s):  FADAEI FARBOD, ALI BEIGI NEDA*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: relatively young population of Iran, experiencing difficulties due to the Imposed War, embargos, and immigration to Tehran looking for a job, show the necessity of this research which is concerning the frequency and severity of psychopathology in unemployed young men of Tehran.
Method: It has been a causal-comparative research. 229 employed and 248 unemployed 25-35 years old men in Tehran, were selected according to their ages, educations, and marital status, data has been gathered by using demographic questionnaire and SCL-90-R software Raw. Numbers and the means of the employed and unemployed groups were compared by "t -student". For evaluating the amount of severity and frequency of symptoms, "Chi-square", were used. The mean of the 9 dimensions and 3 general indices GSI, PST, and PSDI between two groups were compared.
Findings: The mean values of all 9 dimensions of SCL-90-R and 3 general indices in unemployed group were significantly higher than the employed (p<0.95).The highest rate in the unemployed: obsession-compulsion scale (1.29), their lowest: 0.57 (sensitivity in reciprocal relations). The highest mean in the employed: obsession-compulsion scale (0.97) and their lowest in sensitivity in reciprocal relations scale(0.46). The frequency of psychopathological symptoms in the unemployed was 32%, and in the employee was 0.27. Severity of psychopathology in unemployed men were significantly more than employees.
Conclusion: The frequency and severity of psychopathological symptoms in the unemployed men is significantly higher than the employed. With respect to the unemployment regardless of being the cause or the effect, the young unemployed men need both a job and psychiatric treatment.

 
Keyword(s): EMPLOYED, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, SCL-90-R, UNEMPLOYED, YOUNG MEN
 
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