Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY   SPRING 2012 , Volume 6 , Number 1 (21); Page(s) 53 To 62.
 
Paper: 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEARNING STYLE AND SELF-EFFICACY IN STUDENTS OF ACADEMIC GROUPS

 
 
Author(s):  GHEIBI M.*, AREFI M., DANESH E.
 
* SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Aim: Thepurpose of this study was to determine the relationship between different learning styles and self-efficacy in university students studying humanities, technical-engineering and basic sciences. Method: Comparative and correlational methods were employed. Population included 7060 undergraduate students of Shahid Beheshti University in the academic year 2009-2010.364 individuals were selected using stratified random sampling. Measurement tools were Kolb's Learning Styles Questionnaire (1999) and Sherer's general self-efficacy questionnaire (1982). Results: Results showed that as far as learning style was concerned, students in the humanities group, tended to be “accommodators”, technical-engineering students were “convergent learners” and basic sciences students tended to be “assimilators”. Relationship between self-efficacy, academic subject and gender was also significant. Self-efficacy of students in the technical engineering group was higher than basic sciences and humanities. Selfefficacy of female students was more than male students. There were no differences in learning styles of male and female students. Conclusion: In order to create and/or increase self-efficacy in students, it may be necessary for students to be aware of different learning styles associated with each field and related job prospects so that they can be more successful. Also, it is suggested that academic staff in different departments could adopt teaching styles more suitable to the needs of their students. One criterion for this could be the learning style dominant in a particular group of students. In this way, students would learn the basic principles of their academic field better and would use their acquired knowledge in a more applied manner and regard themselves as more efficient individuals.

 
Keyword(s): LEARNING STYLES, SELF-EFFICACY, UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
 
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