Paper Information

Journal:   PHILOSOPHICAL-THEOLOGICAL RESEARCH   SUMMER 2011 , Volume 12 , Number 4 (48); Page(s) 59 To 67.
 
Paper: 

THE IMPACT OF NON-EPISTEMOLOGICAL FACTORS ON THE PROCESS OF GAINING KNOWLEDGE

 
 
Author(s):  AKBARZADE MEISAM*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Are there any obstacles in the process of gaining knowledge? This is one of the most important questions raised in contemporary epistemology. For the first time it was William James, the famous American philosopher and psychologist, who draws his attention to this question. In his famous paper, “The Will to Believe”, he shows that despite the idea that our beliefs are usually based on reason, it is non-epistemological factors belonging to our non-rational natures that always shape our beliefs. In other words, James claims that our emotional-volitional nature formed by our interests, affections, fears and hopes, desires, demands, dreams etc. effects our beliefs. Of course, his claim is not only about the negative effects of these factors. Sometimes he considers following the emotional-volitional nature as an epistemic right of human among others, and this point shows the positive impact of the nonintellectual spheres on intellectual realm. This paper discusses the impact of the non-intellectual realm on knowledge according to James viewpoints.

 
Keyword(s): EPISTEMOLOGICAL FACTORS, NON-EPISTEMOLOGICAL FACTORS, INTERESTS, FEARS, HOPES, DESIRES, DEMANDS
 
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