Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT (RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES) (TOWSEE ROSTAEI)   FALL 2009-WINTER 2010 , Volume 1 , Number 1 (36); Page(s) 1 To 3.
 
Paper: 

AN ANALYSIS OF RURAL STUDIES IN IRAN

 
Author(s):  AZKIA MOSTAFA, GHAFFARY GHOLAMREZA*
 
* FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

In this essay after reviewing studies on rural communities with historical and documentary methods, the process of emerging rural studies have been analyzed in three groups. The first group includes monographs and writings which studied the rural society generally. These studies don't have theoretical orientation to rural society and can be dividing into two categories as general and special. However, monographic reports are two groups. Some of them are supplements to socioeconomic studies that have been conducted in rural areas and others are independent reports. The second group is historical and theoretical studies. They have theoretical orientation; methodology based on historical documents historical analysis, and often had been affected by ideological values. The rural studies focused on political dimensions of rural areas and criticized the consequences of land reforms in 1340 decade. After the revolution we can see more emphasis on negative outcomes of land reform and systems of rural exploitation, changes in the systems of ownership, the forces of production, management changes, new social stratification system and changes in the power structure and developmental outcomes of the Islamic Revolution. The third group of studies has educational orientation. They discussed rural issues in the form of social science academic courses such as rural sociology and rural development. The final section of the article mentioned to weaknesses, needs, new subjects, problems and use of new methodologies in rural studies.

 
Keyword(s): RURAL STUDIES, RURAL SOCIOLOGY, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, RURAL EVOLUTIONS
 
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