Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS   SUMMER 2012 , Volume 28 , Number 2 (56); Page(s) 260 To 266.
 
Paper: 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF LEAF, STEM AND ROOT OF HERTIA INTERMEDIA (BOISS.) O. KUNTZE

 
 
Author(s):  AKHGAR M.R.*, MORADALIZADEH M., SHARIATIFAR M., SALAJEGHEH M.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY, FACULTY OF SCIENCE, KERMAN BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, KERMAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The genus Hertia, belonging to the Compositae family, contains 12 species distributed all over South and North Africa and South Asia. The Iranian flora consists of only 2 shrubby species of Hertia distributed in the desert areas. In this study, Hertia intermedia (Boiss.) O. Kuntze was collected from Hezar Mountain, at an altitude of 2900 m, in Rayen area, Kerman Province, Iran during June 2010. Essential oils of leaves, stems and roots of the plant were separately extracted using hydrodistillation method and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Seventeen components (97.6%) were identified in the leaf essential oil, with b-pinene (32.1%), a-pinene (14.6%), b-phellandrene (14.2%), and a-thujene (13.5%) as the main constituents. Also among the twenty-one identified compounds (94.2%) in the stem oil, a-pinene (38.4%), b-pinene (14.8%), and trans-verbenol (12.3%) were found to be the major components. Furthermore, a-pinene (51.2%), germacrene D (11.2%), and myrcene (10.4%) were the main constituents among the eight compounds (95.3%) characterized in the root essential oil. All three oils were highly rich in monoterpenes.

 
Keyword(s): HERTIA INTERMEDIA (BOISS.) O. KUNTZE, COMPOSITAE, ESSENTIAL OIL, α-PINENE, β-PINENE, β-PHELLANDRENE
 
References: 
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