Paper Information

Journal:   ENSANPAJOOHI-E DINI (RELIGIOUS ANTHROPOLOGY)   FALL 2010-WINTER 2011 , Volume 7 , Number 24; Page(s) 19 To 33.
 
Paper: 

THE THEORY OF HEALTHY MAN IN RAZI’S SYSTEM OF ETHICS

 
 
Author(s):  FARAMARZ QARAMALEKI AHAD*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Mohammad Ibn Zakaria Razi, counted among preceding philosophers, has established a healthy-based system of ethics under the influence of Galen. The system has been founded on a medical outlook on ethics. The paper has analyized and criticized Razi’s theory of health and healthy man in comparison with its rival views. Razi has viewed health as the dominancy of reasonable intellect over human desires, decisions and conducts. He put forth three standards for health: lacking of the two extremes, being of the least in adequacy and need and measuring the pleasure and pain of the conduct. It should be stated that awareness of one's own effects by referring to others and stimulating them in effect-seeking has been known as the first step in heath for Razi. In his view, man is naturally healthy but the sickness of the soul happens by whimsy. Health and sickness, therefore, can be regarded to be the end of a continuous challenge between intellect and whimsy. One of the principles in the theory lies in Razi’s definition of pleasure as a secondary state for opposing a particular painful state. This theory, however, has been known defective in this study; since it has reduced human health to the health of the soul, the health of the soul to the psychological health of negativists. Furthermore, extreme focusing on individuals, disregarding the influence of social life on health and reducing the components of mental health can be regarded as defect in Raz’s theory.

 
Keyword(s): SPIRITUAL MEDICINE, HEALTH OF SOUL, MORAL VICES, PSYCHOLOGY OF POSITIVE VIEW, PRACTICAL INTELLECT, WHIMSY
 
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