Paper Information

Journal:   GEOGRAPHY   FALL 2012 , Volume 10 , Number 34; Page(s) 233 To 249.
 
Paper:  GEOECONOMICAL STRUCTURE OF THE MIDDLE EAST (BASING ON THE MILLENNIUM GOALS OF THE UNITED NATION)
 
Author(s):  ZEINOLABEDIN YOUSEF, YAHYAPOOR MOHAMMAD SADEGH, SHIRZAD ZAHRA
 
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Abstract: 

Middle East is one of the dispute and crisis core in the world. This region in the end years of 20th century and the beginning years of 21st century was involved in many crises. It is a fact that no region in the world like Middle East had been encountering with disputes. It, especially after the Second World War, was always the bed of political, martial and economical changes and never be decreased these changes intensity. But, some of these changes in the Middle East like war, disputes and conflicts always, reflexes in national, regional and international scales; whereas, the process of geoeconomical changes in the Middle East are less mentioned. In the present paper, in addition to qualify the geopolitical and geoeconomical structure of the middle east and its landscape, using descriptive-analytical method, it will be explained effective factors in the development certainty of this region according to the united nations standards of the millennium development goals. It is supposed that the population increasing process, shortage of resources in some countries of the Middle East and lake of democracy and legality make effects on the geopolitical and geoeconomical structure of the Middle East.
Research findings indicate that the countries of Middle East and North Africa don’t have same and equal sources. These countries in the millennium development goals were studied geoeconomicaly as the countries of rich sources and labor forces, rich sources and poor labor forces and poor sources and poor labor forces.
According to before mentioned contents, the purposes of this paper are:
1. Explaining the geoeconomical place of Middle East between other regions that are classified in United Nations' millennium development goals, and
2. Analyzing the outlook of the geoeconomical place of Middle East and factors which influence that outlook.
In this way, in this article with a descriptive-analytical method and applying library sources, at first, related books, articles and specially UN's bulletins and printed information were studied and accessing some statistics creditable internet sites were used. In the first step, the lack of stable definition of Middle East makes difficulties. Then, we try to determine this region in the theoretical foundations. In the second step, we work out geoeconomical statistics and with a glance to existing situation of development in the countries of Middle East and North Africa it was cleared that there is a geoeconomical difference and this factor makes several problems between these countries in convergence process. The mentioned hypothesis were examined through the analysis of these countries' gross income and existing situation of development, and also extraneous variables like the lack of democracy and legibility and low economic growth were theoretically studied. Finally, the unemployment growth arising from educated urban population growth is studied as an important factor in geoeconomical challenges of Middle East and North Africa which mentioned in the conclusions.

 
Keyword(s): GEOECONOMICS, MIDDLE EAST, THE MILLENNIUM GOALS OF THE UNITED NATIONS, DISPUTES
 
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