Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF WATER AND SOIL (AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY)   MARCH-APRIL 2012 , Volume 26 , Number 1; Page(s) 1 To 10.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION OF WATERSHED MEASURES WITH WOCAT PROGRAM IN DEJKORD BASIN

 
 
Author(s):  RAHIMI M.*, SOOFI M., AHMADI H.
 
* WATERSHED MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT NATURAL RESOURCE IN SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

Lack of using a standard method for the evaluation of watershed management measures in Iran did not provide a base for comparing the results of various applied technologies in the watershed management. This study introduces the results of applying WOCAT programme for the assessment of bio-mechanical alternatives, which have been done in DEJKORD region in the Duroodzan watershed, northwest of Fars Province. This programme provides a complete data set of physical characteristics of the watershed, applied measures, human environment, maintenance and problems. The results of this research indicate that the creation of the Watershed union and the implementation of various technologies of soil and water conservation, such as the plantation of almond and apple trees on the countor lines instead of annual rainfeed crops such as wheat and barley on hills with 8 to 30% slope, control of erosion with various biological and mechanical methods, and capacity building of the rural people in 1377, are the most dominant causes of the success of the Watershed Management project. The first successful sign of this project is the significant reduction of surface runoff and soil erosion. By employing these technologies, 15, 000 hectares of the destroyed national resources with the cultivation of wheat and barley, was changed into dry and irrigated Almond (10, 000 hectares) and Apple (5000 hectares) gardens. The management and executing of these technologies were carried out by a Watershed Management union composed of 8000 members. The Ratio of B/C after the implementation of these technologies is 5.2 and the ratio of income from the new technologies (cultivation of fruit trees) to the previous one (sowing wheat and barley dry) is 15. The second effect of this project is reversing the trend of migration process from rural to municipal areas. Many young people are now back to the region. The success of this project has caused the extension of the technologies to the neighbor regions. The last success of this project is executing sustainable development for the region. The availability of concise and comprehensive information provided a scientific base for using the application of WOCAT in DEJKORD.

 
Keyword(s): WATERSHED MANAGEMENT, WOCAT, TECHNOLOGY, FARS PROVINCE, DEJKORD, SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 78
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog