Paper Information

Journal:   MODARRES HUMAN SCIENCES   SPRING 2004 , Volume 8 , Number 1 (TOME 32); Page(s) 71 To 98.
 
Paper: 

CITIZEN"S PARTICIPATION MECHANISM IN PROVIDING URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLANS

 
 
Author(s):  SHOKOIE H., HOSSEINI S.A.*
 
* Tehran-Iran
 
Abstract: 
In the course of 1940 and 1950 decades, traditional planning methods (top-down), in ‎practice, lost their ability to solve community problems by providing, implementing ‎and appraisal of development plans. On the other hand, people lost their trust to their ‎efficiency. People asked for a new paradigm of plans that was effective, participatory, ‎flexible and popular. In order to answer to this need, participatory planning came to ‎exist. The basis of participatory methods in on transformation of demand to objective ‎and objective to practice‏.‏‎
‎ The objective of this survey is to investigate and explain procedures, methods and ‎tools of citizens" participation to provide urban development plans. Following ‎questions are considered in this article‏: ‏ ‎
‎ What are citizens" participation methods in providing urban development plans? Are ‎there any special and unique techniques to reach to each participatory method? ‎Eventually, which method bas more potentials for objective compilation, needs ‎recognition, priority consideration and making communication easier? Research ‎method in this survey is descriptive. When plans harmonize with societies" objectives, ‎values and potentials, we have the best kind of participatory method. Findings of this ‎survey explain that planning on the neighborhood level is more suitable than other ‎methods, because it emphasize on two main objectives: 1- To make closer local ‎organizations to people, 2- To regulate urban functions with needs of particular areas. ‎In this article each of these variables is studied‏.‏
 
Keyword(s): PARTICIPATORY PLANNING, DEMOCRATIC PLANNING, PARTICIPATORY METHODS AND TOOLS, PLANNING WITH PEOPLE
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 68
 
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