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Paper Information

Journal:   THE JOURNAL OF QAZVIN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   Summer 2003 , Volume - , Number 26; Page(s) 41 To 41.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS & IMPAIRED GLUCOSE TOLERANCE OF POPULATION AGED OVER 25 IN QAZVIN

 
 
Author(s):  *, MALECKZADEH H., PAZHOUHI M., SAMAVAT T., HOJATZADEH A., GHASEMI A.R., BARADAR JALILI R., ADIBI H., JAVADI E., SHAFAE A.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a major health problem in all countries. Epidemiologic information about a disease is prerequisite for managing its consequences. Objective: To determine prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Methods: This cross-sectional study was implemented on a randomly selected group consisting of 1000 adults with >=25 years old who underwent clinical and laboratory examinations and filled out predesigned questionnaires. DM & IGT were diagnosed on the basis of World Health Organization (WHO) Criteria & the results were analyzed through fasting plasma glucose & oral tolerance test. Findings: A total number of 1000 screenees were examined. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 15.9% in men and 12.7% in women .The difference was statistically meaningful in neither groups. The prevalence rate of IGT was 7% in men and 10.0% in women. The prevalence of diabetes and IGT increased with age (P<0.0001). Just about 37% of the patients were aware of their illness. Conclusion: Diabetes and IGT are virtually a public health problem in Qazvin urban population so that 1 out of each 5 adults is affected by diabetes or IGT. Regular preventive and intervention programs seem essential so as to control this public health problem in Qazvin.
 
Keyword(s): DIABETES, IMPAIRED GLUCOSE TOLERANCE (IGT), PREVALENCE , SCREENING
 
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