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Paper Information

Journal:   THE JOURNAL OF QAZVIN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   Summer 2003 , Volume - , Number 26; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND ITS RELATION WITH CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS

 
 
Author(s):  SADEGHI M.*, ROUHAFZA H.R., SADRI GH.H., BAHONAR A., SAADI M., ASGARI SEDIGHEH, AMANI A.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
Background: High blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important modifiable risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To determine the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) and its relation with other cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study (phase I of IHHP) was performed on 12494 people over 20 years in 2002. First a questionnaire consisting of demographic details, drug intake and smoking status was filled out. Then physical examination induding blood pressure, body mass index and waist to hip ratio were performed. Fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol and triglyceride and a 2-hour postprandial glucose was also detected. Data were analyzed using SPSS V I 1 /win by the chi-square test. Findings: 48% of the subjects were male and 52% were female with the mean age of 39.0 ± 15.30 and 38.80 ± 14.54 years respectively. The prevalence of high BP in men and women was 15.6% and 18.8% respectively. The prevalence of high BP was higher in women than in men, except in under 25-year age group . Overall 26.7% of hypertensive men and 47.7% of hypertensive women were on anti-hypertensive pharmacological treatment among which BP was under control in 6.4% of the men and 13.8% of the women, in 86.5% of men and 89.3% of women with high BP, at least one other cardiovascular risk factor (increasing with age) was seen. Obesity (especially abdominal obesity) was the most frequent associated risk factor (41.9% in male , 59% in female ). Except for smoking, the prevalence of all cardiovascular risk factors increased with the severity of hypertension. Conclusion: The high prevalence of BP & its relation with other risk factors necessitate the importance of implementing community - based interventions .
 
Keyword(s): HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE, RISK FACTORS, PRIMARY PREVENTION
 
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