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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY   FALL 2010 , Volume 16 , Number 3 (62); Page(s) 318 To 319.
 
Paper: 

ABILITY OF RETRIEVAL SPECIFIC MEMORY MATERIALS FROM AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY AMONG PTSD VETERAN'S YOUNG CHILDREN

 
 
Author(s):  TAHERI F.*, MORADI A.R., AZAD FALAH P., ALIZADEH NOURI R., MIRZAEE J.
 
* TEHRAN AZAD ESLAMI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Objectives: of the aim of the present research was studying the ability of retrieval specific memory materials from autobiographical memory among PTSD veteran's young children.
Method: 131 high school students in three groups: (PTSD veteran young children n=31) as a target group and (young children of veterans without PTSD n=50), and (young children of healthy person n=50) as comparison groups. They were matched by the age, gender and academic performance. Research instruments, were: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y) and Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT). Data analysis has been done by the method of descriptive statistics method, one way Analysis Of Variance, Scheffe Follow-up Test.
Results: PTSD veteran's children have lower performance in autobiographical memory task than the healthy person's children. In other words PTSD veteran's children have lower ability for retrieving specific autobiographical memory materials from memory and retrieve less specific memories from memory. The research also indicates that the state of depression and anxiety in PTSD veteran's children is higher than healthy person's children, while in these 2 components (autobiographical memory, and anxiety) between PTSD veteran's children and Non-PTSD veteran's children there was no significant differences but in the depression component there was a significant difference between them.
Conclusion: Levels of anxiety in Non-PTSD veteran's children are lower than healthy person's children, but there are no significant differences between them in depression.

 
Keyword(s): COGNITION, AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY, POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
 
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