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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY   FALL 2010 , Volume 16 , Number 3 (62); Page(s) 315 To 315.
 
Paper: 

DETERMINING THE PATTERN AND INTENSITY OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN INPATIENTS WITH TUBERCULOSIS

 
 
Author(s):  SAFA M.*, MASJEDI M.R., TABARSI PAYAM, MIRABZADEH KH.
 
* SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
 
Abstract: 

Objectives: Evidences show the increasing positive correlation between TB and substance abusers. Method: This study was conducted on 200 TB patients referred to a hospital in Tehran, Iran. The objective data (observation) were recorded and demographic characteristics gathered using a Demographic Questionnaire and ASI questionnaire. Data were analyzed through spss-16 software using t-independent, test, Mann-Whitney test and other related statistics tests.
Results: Prevalence of substance abuse was higher in men. 72% of TB patients experience substance abuse. The pattern of substance abuse comments that smoking Opium 21%, eating Opium 21.4%, 71% eating extracted burned Opium, 26.2% heroin’s injection, crack eating 6.9%, injection 10.6%, and sniff 7%. Comment from the consumption frequency as regular (at least 2 times in 24 hours) in Opium 62.1%. Average of starting consumption age was 18 years in Opium. Between marital status (single) with substance abuse (P=<0.001). There was significant correlation between age groups (20-39 years) and the consump-tion of opium and extracted burned Opium )P<0.001(.
Conclusion: Drug abuse increased recurrence of TB, have serious effects on patients’ vulnerability and enforce financial cost on patients. Therefore by increasing awareness and practice non-pharmaceutical and psychiatric measures including behavior therapy, we can empower the patients to be able to interfere the defective cycle of TB-disability.

 
Keyword(s): TUBERCULOSIS, SUBSTANCE ABUSE, RECURRENCE
 
References: 
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