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Paper Information

Journal:   NATIONAL STUDIES   2009 , Volume 10 , Number 4 (40); Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

TRIBAL IDENTITY AS A REALITY IN NAHJOLBALLAGHE

 
 
Author(s):  BARZEGAR E.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, FACULTY OF LAW & POLITICAL SCIENCE, ALLAME TABATABAEE UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Identity is a profound and comprehensive issue in the Islamic texts and resources including Nahjolballaghe. Tribal identity, as a reality and "Politics as it is", is perused and analyzed in this valuable text systematically. Identity and tribal considerations, rivals and oppositions are considered quite momentous in the Imam's (A) outlooks and decisions; because politics has an interactive nature and an adversary is on the opposite side of it. In this article, We have tried to analyze tribal identity as a rival religious identity using context analysis of the Imam's (A) writings and sayings in Nahjolbalaghe. With the emergence of Islam and inception of Prophecy, tribal identity, in the Arabian Peninsula structure, affected by religious identity, was changed to a marginal identity, and having contained it, one of the structural impediments of the Prophet's nation- state building was Removed and the Prophet's central govt. was established. However, after the demise of the Prophet, tribal identity strengthened, reproduces, and entered from margin into the text (centre) of society once again. Consequently, frequent identities of various tribes with different attachment and tendencies were formed, and these events resulted in the death of the Othman, and played an important role in the actualization process of incidents of the five year periods of Imam Ali (A) Caliphate and the tree internal war, which took place subsequently. Intensification of these tendencies made it difficult for Imam Ali (A) to administer the government and finally this culminated in the formation of the Omaviyate state. In this paper, tribal actuality is described and tribal actualization has been analysed.

 
Keyword(s): TRIBE/ TRIBAL IDENTITY, RELIGIOUS IDENTITY, IMAM ALI'S (A) POLITICAL THOUGHT
 
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