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Paper Information

Journal:   HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT   WINTER 2011 , Volume 30 , Number 132; Page(s) 29 To 38.
 
Paper: 

THE EMBODY OF COMMUNAL SPACE IN RURAL SETTLEMENT

 
 
Author(s):  ALALHESABI MEHRAN, NEGARESH NAFISEH
 
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Abstract: 

Village is a beautiful vision of social life and the origin of the first experience of human life history.The simplicity of relations between villagers in one hand and their effort in the field of agricultural products, in other hand have resulted differences in terms of life style between them and the people in cities.
Before creation of city, there was village. It means some people gathered together and lived close to each other as neighbourhood, in a distance that you can call each other naturaly, sharing happiness and sadness in their every day’s events; in wedding ceremony or celebration for a new baby and helped each other in the time of crisis.
Village is kind of a result of mutual actions between human groups and space. There is a local relationship between villagers, which is the result of historical mutual actions that makes local and collective memory, then makes collective conscience and intelligence. In fact, the village is resultant of natural and man-made elements (things) that paves the way for inhabitant suitability with his society and makes people to accept their society. In village, there is economical, social and cultural relation between groups and geographical space. This relationship generates creative unity in the groups and separates this from other groups. Village gathering has spiritual power that dominates the members.
When the layers are examined, the sign of regularity in people’s life can be find, and can observe that rural communities, shrines and villages were constructed before cities, and cache, camps and caves created long before village and before all of them, there had been tendency to "collective life".
In fact this can be assumed that the creation of public spaces have been started from simple settlements in the first society using holy fire to gather around it, and with development of social relation and activities the spaces such as market, holy places and etc.were created. This article at first will examine the meaning of “public (communal) spaces”, and at the end the meaning and sample of “public (communal) spaces” in village or rural settlement will be presented.

 
Keyword(s): VILLAGE, SOCIAL INTERACTION, COMMUNAL SPACE, CENTER OF DISTRICT, NODE
 
References: 
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