Paper Information

Journal:   HOUSING AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT   FALL 2010 , Volume 29 , Number 131; Page(s) 73 To 94.
 
Paper:  DEPLOYMENT OF HANDCRAFT INDUSTRIES AND MIDDLE TECHNOLOGIES IN RURAL AREAS OF IRAN FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM AND EMPLOYMENT
 
Author(s):  GOLMOHAMMADI F.*
 
* FACULTY MEMBER OF ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY OF BIRJAND
 
Abstract: 

In recent years tourism industry has been considered as a profitable and entrepreneurial industry. Iran has a large number and wide variety of tourism attractions that give it a strong potential for tourism development. To reach the goal of a successful sustainable tourism development, Iran needs careful planning, systematic implementation of the plans and continuous and effective management. As tourism industry is interdependent and multidisciplinary, close cooperation and coordination among government and all other stakeholders is required and vital for sustainable tourism development in Iran. Priotorizing to rural development is recognized as one of the fundamental principles in Islamic Republic of Iran from the beginning to now. With respect to estimates that have been carried out and because of especial climate conditions in Iran; specially frequent droughts in recent years, foundation of such development can't be based on agricultural sector development exclusively. Experiences of successful countries in attaining to sustainable rural development such as India and China, show high importance of industrialization of rural areas in creating new opportunities of employment, income generating and finally preventing of rural people emigration to urban regions and its negative consequents in all parts of the country. Author in this article study and recognize one of the most important duties in rural development, namely recognition and transfer appropriate technologies into agriculture and rural societies. In this article after explanation the absolute need to development and comprehensive definition of development concept and its availability of necessary elements, concept and importance of employment, definition of economic development and its difference to economic growth, importance of creating job opportunities in developing countries and role of small rural industries in this process, characteristics of appropriate technologies in development of rural regions in developing countries, reasons for attendance to small industries and middle technologies in these countries, reasons for attendance to indigenous knowledge and technology in rural development process, importance of extension appropriate technology and its diffusion foundations in rural development process, experiences of India and China countries in this process, and finally stating role of small rural industries and middle technologies in rural regions in development of economic affairs and its advantages and limitations. In the end of the article, concluding from the following cases and presenting applicable and appropriate alternatives in conditions of Iran and developing countries. Finally, this article presents some suggestions for improving the existing situation of tourism in Iran. For instance, introducing a representative from the Tourism Organization to every individual ministry is suggested to act as a means for collaboration and harmony among different ministries.

 
Keyword(s): TOURISM , TECHNOLOGY, ECONOMIC, EMPLOYMENT, RURAL, IRAN
 
References: 
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