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Paper Information

Journal:   PLANT AND ECOSYSTEM   WINTER 2010 , Volume 5 , Number 20; Page(s) 71 To 85.
 
Paper: 

THE COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT TILLAGE AND PLANTING METHODS FOR WHEAT IN SHAHR-E-REY REGION

 
 
Author(s):  EBRAHIMZADEH M.R.*
 
* AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY DEPARTMENT OF THE ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY SHAHRE-REY, BRANCH
 
Abstract: 
In order to reach stable development, it is necessary to consider productivity in all dimensions, including agro-organizations which agricultural machineries are involved by many of these organizations. Quantitative and qualitative study on function of current machineries of tillage and cultivation is important for several factors: first one is economic factor, second one is accessibility and easy usage by farmers of each region and the third one, the most important, is the protecting its structure - earth - against erosion and destruction. Different models of tillage and cultivation (18 models) are considered by this study consisting of several agricultural machineries.
Different methods for tillage after harvesting feeding corn in order to cultivate water fall wheat as main factor in 6 levels were evaluated and compared as below:
- Moldboard plow+two times disks+Leveler;
- Moldboard plow+one time disk+Leveler;
- Chisel plow+two times disks+Leveler;
- Perpendicular, two times disks+Leveler;
- Rotivator+Leveler;
- Chisel plow+Rotivator+Leveler; A
nd different methods for harvesting water fall wheat as secondary factor in three levels were evaluated and compared:
- Grain drill centrifuge+furrow opener
- Taka grain drill+furrow opener
- Hamedan grain drill.
Results of conical penetration index, weight average of earth and functional components of yield have shown that the best main treatment is Chisel plow+two times disks; and the secondary treatment is Hamedan grain drill with total time of 5.6 hours in one hectare in order to prepare and cultivate earth.
 
Keyword(s): TILLAGE, CULTIVATION, FALL WHEAT, FUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS
 
References: 
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